Using the pupil premium to raise attendance - why not? The aim is to use the pupil premium to raise attainment of disadvantaged children and young people. Research shows that persistent absenteeism has a much higher and disproportionate number of children who come from deprived social backgrounds and more likely to miss school and underachieve than their peers who come from more favourable social and economic backgrounds. It may be beneficial to target the use of the pupil premium to some children and young people to help overcome the difficulty that prevent full school attendance. A thorough process of assessment is essential to understand the reasons for absence; understanding the individual's difficulties or concerns will enable the correct response using SMART targets that perhaps the pupil premium can help to achieve?